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while much of the nascent civilian unmanned aircraft industry looks at ways to optimize small unmanned aerial systems(UAS)For specific tar目前还在襁褓中的民间无人机行业正在努力优化小型无人机(UAS),继续保持设备安全、基础,包括Titan aerospace、A one-year-old Venture-backed Aircraft Designer和Last week unveiled its.它上周发售了两种无人机:Solara 50和Solara 60。这两架巨大的、由太阳能驱动的高空飞机,该公司计划在再利用后几周、几个月后在空中巡航几年,中途几乎要迫降。titan doesnt refer to these concept air craft as drones or by the industry-preferred unmanned aerial system,But instead calls them atmospheric土卫六没有叫这些概念机,因为可以像轨道卫星一样在空中长时间巡航。该公司期待该售价近200万美元的平台卖给政府、私营企业和研究机构,只需支付卫星费用的9牛1毛,即可在大气中享受自己的飞船。

the idea is that an atmospheric satellite can conduct most of the same operations as an orbital one 3360 atmospheric observation and weather monitory该公司的理念是,大气卫星可以继续执行轨道卫星的绝大多数任务,即大气观测和气象监测、通信中继、海洋研究、地球光学。它能执行的其他任务是边境安全、海上交通监视、遏制海盗、灾害呼吁、农业观测等太空卫星无能为力。(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦,Northern Exposure(美国电视连续剧),)另外,Solara的续航时间约为5年,使用寿命与许多小型卫星相似,让人们对这些应用做出非常有吸引力的自由选择。

(如果传感器或仪器可怕,就更是如此。)。可以让迫降,然后新起飞。

if you have to go up to the satellite and rent That service,thats a lot of money,says Dustin Sanders,Titans chief electrical engineer . aa泰坦首席电气工程师达斯汀桑德斯表示:“租用卫星服务需要巨额费用。”即使发射卫星也不会投资数十亿美元。

我们需要开发的是每个飞机只有100万美元的平台,该平台的运营成本必须完全0.——万美元,能够理解实际负荷情况,并确保这个无人驾驶的机会会出现问题。“Other long-endurance solar UAS concepts-including aerovironments(avav)global observer and qinetiqs zephyr,A demonstrator” 160-foot-plus wing spans of the solara 50 and solara 60 will be covered edge-to-edge With advanced solar cell technology that will Y for both 其他远距离太阳概念无人机——还包括航空环境公司(Aerovironment)的“全球观察者”,这是为英国国防科技公司——学术著作)波音公司(Boeing)开发的概念“西风”(Zephyr)“33554”例如,Solara 50和Solara 60机翼长度超过160英尺的机翼上密集着高级设备的太阳能电池板,他们获得的电力不仅可以用于白天和晚上的飞行(电池白天的储存电力可以在晚上使用),还可以用于重达70磅的传感器和仪器。but perhaps the most important part of the formula is not how it will fly,but where。

to sustain such long flight durations,The air craft will operate in an atmospheric sweet spotk nown as The tropo pause,a zone at roughly 65但是最重要的不是飞行的方式,而是在哪里飞行。为了在这么宽的飞行中保持时间,这种飞机将飞向大气层的最佳位置,即所谓的对流层。该地区距海平面约65,000英尺(12英里以上),风速一般大于5节。

泰坦的工程师们说,这个空域比较安静,远高于湍流或飞行中不影响性能的其他险恶天气,Solara幸好能在其中飞行5年。对流层顶的天气不会损害普通飞机,对Solara来说更重要的是,它不会遮挡太阳,因此在远高于这种天气的对流层飞行时,Solara很容易受损。
with rather simple mechanical systems and enough solar power to run them indefinitely,The thing limiting flight duration right now is The batteelyto prove it,The company has two fifth-scale test aircraft currently conducting test flights and-pending a round of series b funding泰坦的工程师们表示,这架飞机的机械结构非常简单,但有足够的太阳能可以运行多年,因此允许飞行中时间的因素是电池。

电池不会随着时间的推移老化,所以需要隔几年更换。为了论证这个问题,公司目前正在用2台五分之一大小的实验机展开首次飞行——,将B轮融资3354推迟到明年春天或夏天,使全尺寸机型不上天。by the time the company delivers its first air craft-which could happen as soon as the end of next year-solar cell and battery technolol impromotemost lightweight solution for this and trying not to get overly complicated,He says。

thats really the key to keeping this thing affordable as well as to enable it to stay up there for years他说:“我们致力于开发最简单、最轻便的解决方案,同时防止这一目标变得过于复杂。李在使这架无人机便宜的同时,也是需要几年不间断飞行的关键。

“of course much of titans success,at least in the U.S .Hinges on the FAA clearing the aircraft to fly in the national airspace . while rules(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦、Northern Exposure(美国电视连续剧)、成功)目前,允许无人机转入国家空域的管理规定尚未实施(相关制度将于2015年推出),对Solara等大型无人机的管理制度将不会太苛刻。but Sanders and company arent particularly worried。

titan has been working closely with the FAA through its design process,And anyhow the only part of that multi-year duration the FAA is technically但是桑德斯和公司的反应并不令人担心,从技术上说,这种机型的飞行中寿命大约有几年,但联邦航空管理局确实对早期飞行高度的那个区间感兴趣。桑德斯表示,美国的A级空域至少达60,000英尺,最大高度不是联邦航空管理局的首都范围(约为民用飞机飞行高度的两倍)。

but while fitting into the existing flight paradigm is necessary,thats not really the driving idea behind titan,Sanders says of the young saysthats why the company refers to its products as atmospheric satellites rather thanuas . is Titan is trying to hack the UAS and satellite space by provide这就是为什么公司把自己的产品称为大气卫星,而不是无人机。也许泰坦会拿走比现有产品更容易使用的完全不同的产品,冲击无人机和卫星领域。

We dont want any operating costs,We dont want you to spend thousands and thousands of dollars just to get the stupid thing certified桑德斯We want something very simple and that doesnt take up all of your time and energy to keep it running . if all you need is one person to keep an eye on t He airing“were trying to change the mindset on how aircraft should operate。”我们想制造一个非常简单的产品,如果只有一个人需要监视飞机,就不会让局面完全好转。

我们想改变对飞机运营方式的广泛看法。-亚博yabo下载App。

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